It is estimated that there are more than 170 species of mosquitoes in the US. These tiny insects are responsible for several hundreds of thousands of deaths all across the world. Mosquitoes are a major disease carrier and these tiny devils are capable of spreading various harmful diseases such as West Nile virus and Malaria as well as various other potentially fatal diseases. Mosquitoes also get in the way of outdoor activities and they also harm animals and livestock.
Mosquitoes actively breed in standing water and therefore, the best way to get rid of mosquitoes is to make sure there is no standing water on your property. However, it’s not possible to get rid of mosquitoes in this manner alone and additional treatments are necessary to get rid of these pests. Several treatment methods have been developed by researchers to get rid of these pests.
For homeowners, mosquito spray treatments continue to be one of the most effective ways to get rid of these pests. While there are other treatment methods available today but spray treatment is considered the most effective in terms of cost as well as effectiveness.
What is involved in Mosquito Spray Treatments?
In this treatment method, the property is sprayed with an insecticide. The professionals evaluate the property after doing a field survey. They determine the places that should be treated in order to get rid of the mosquitoes. However, this treatment needs to be done on a continuous basis for it to be effective. In most cases, one round of treatment provides relief from mosquitoes for around three weeks.
After three weeks, the treatment needs to be repeated in order to make sure that these mosquitoes do not bother you again. The spray treatment method has been in use for several decades and is still preferred by people due to its effectiveness as well as affordability. One of the other advantages of spray treatment method is that it is can be used on big areas of land and this is the reason it is often used in citywide mosquito control programs.
What’s in the Insecticide?
As far as the choice of the insecticide is concerned, it will depend on the type of mosquitoes present on the property. For killing larvae, eggs and young mosquitoes, larvicides are used whereas adulticides are used for killing adult mosquitoes. In many cases, a combination of larvicides and adulticides is used to get rid of young as well as adult mosquitoes. Here’s a list of some of the commonly used chemicals in the spray treatment.
Pyrethins compounds attack the nervous system of mosquitoes. These are considered relatively safe for use and are proven to be effective. It is important to keep in mind that inhaling these compounds can be dangerous and therefore, pets, birds as well as other animals should be removed from the property before spraying. These may also cause respiratory irritation as well as skin irritation. It’s also important to mention here that these compounds have some environmental impact as these are known to be toxic to fish and honeybees.
Permethrin is a widely used mosquito control insecticide. Its biggest advantage is that it is highly effective and affordable. However, higher doses of this insecticide can lead to skin irritation, nausea as well as dizziness.
Bacillus thuringiensis is a microbe that is used as a toxin in various insecticides. This microbe damages the gut of the insect larvae and kills them. There are various strains of this microbe and some of the types have been specifically designed to be toxic to mosquitoes. Some of these strains are also known to be toxic to honeybees.
In addition to these active chemicals, several other types of chemicals and substances are added to the pesticides to make them more effective.
As far as the effectiveness of this treatment method is concerned, the insecticide use in spray treatments is known to be highly effective and eradicates most of the strains of mosquitoes. However, it’s also important to mention here that there are some insecticide resistant mosquitoes that will continue to survive even after spray treatments but in most cases, spray treatment is good enough to get rid of a wide majority of the mosquitoes.
As far as the cost is concerned, these treatments tend to be highly cost-effective especially when compared to some of the other treatment methods. While it is true that these treatments are recommended to be repeated after every three weeks or on a monthly basis, it is important to be judicious about their use as repeated treatments may allow the spray resistant species to proliferate.
Are Mosquito Spray Treatments Safe?
One of the biggest problems people have with the spray treatment is that they think the insecticide used by these companies for mosquito treatment may not be safe for kids and pets. While it is true that pets and children should be kept away from these insecticides but various regulators have approved these insecticides to be used in a consumer setting. Therefore, it is advised to keep the children’s toys and pet bowls away before spraying and it is also recommended for all the animals and kids in the house to stay inside for up to 4 hours to make sure they do not get in touch with the chemicals.
While regular treatments are extremely effective at keeping your property free of mosquitoes, the companies offering regular spray treatments also offer treatment for special events such as family reunions, cookouts and other outdoor gatherings to make the event mosquito free for the invited guests.
When it comes to mosquito removal, the best way to get rid of mosquitoes is to get rid of the potential breeding grounds in your property.
Overall, mosquito spray treatment is used all over the world to keep mosquitoes at bay and prevent them from spreading harmful diseases. While it’s true that the insecticides used in such treatments are not friendly to other beneficial insects such as honeybees but judicious use of spray treatments can help keep the mosquitoes away while keeping the environment safe.
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